Northumberland is noted for its undeveloped landscape of high moorland, a favourite with landscape painters, and largely protected as a National Park. Northumberland is the most sparsely populated county in England, with only 62 people per square kilometre.
In recent years the county has had considerable growth in tourism, a major source of employment and income, due to its scenic beauty and the abundant evidence of its historical significance, with more castles than any other county in England.
Northumberland’s industry is dominated by some world class companies, such as Coca-Cola, MSD, GE and Drager, all with major facilities in the region. A very significant part of the county’s economy is the emerging medical biotechnology industry, forming part of the Northeast of England Process Industry Cluster. The Pharmaceutical industry is extensive in this area of Northumberland, with some 11,000 workers involved, including companies such as Cambridge Bioresearch, GlaxoSmithkline, Fujifilm Dyosynth Biotech, Leica Bio, Data Trial, High Force Research, Non-Linear Dynamics and Immuno Diagnostic Systems.
Those with serviced offices in Northumberland can enjoy traditions not found elsewhere in England. These include the rapper sword dance, the Clog dance and the Northumbrian smallpipe. Northumberland also has its own tartan or check and traditional Northumberland music, with sounds similar to Lowland Scottish music, reflecting the historical links between Northumbria and the Lowlands of Scotland.